Preinstalled Languages on mainstream OS

Web_development_timeline

Just a starter note on which languages are installed on vanilla modern OS installations:

—–

MacOSX (10.9+) – bash, html, java, javascript,objective-c, perl, python, php, ruby

Windows 8 – batch, html, javascript, jscript, vbscript

Linux Ubuntu / Debian (14.04 Trusty) desktop – bash, html, javascript, perl, python

Linux Redhat / Fedora – bash, html, java, javascript, perl, python

Linux CoreOS – bash, dockerfiles

Freebsd – bash, perl, python

IOS – html, javascript, objective-c

Android – html, javascript

Have a think on which language to write your next application in to get the widest audience on basic installations. The alternative is to release pre-compile distributions or convince your target audience to install interpreters such as nodejs (V8), luajit, pypy.

Do note its good to check the versions of default installations. For example, python2 (2.7) is widely default installed, however python 3 is the recommended current default language. Python 3 is not backwards compatible which makes things a bit iffy.

Overview of Languages

bash
Good – basic, simple, wide supported

ruby
Good – easy syntax, simple, good package manager

python
Good – easy syntax, wide supported
Bad – confusing package manager(s), no backwards compatibility for major versions

javascript
Good – wide supported, good package manager

lua
Good – simple, fast, good structure, embeddedable
Bad – limited syntatical/functional shortcuts, strange syntax

c
Good – very mature, wide support, fast, embeddedable
Bad – limited syntatical/functional shortcuts

java
Good – wide supported, fast, mature
Bad – extremely large collection, missing central repository


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